It is spherical in shape and has rhizoids, which are short, thin filamentous branches, that resemble fine roots. Character Displacement: Adaptations of different sets of characteristics in two similar species, brought about by overlapping territories, resulting in competition. It usually occurs in pairs. Pentaradial Symmetry: The balanced distribution of duplicate body parts or shapes (sensory and feeding structures) in a five fold circular pattern, i.e body parts arranged in fives or multiples of 5, in a symmetry in organisms. Proboscis: An elongated mouth organ which is an important feeding appendage in organisms. Secondary: It refers to the set of flight feathers on the second segment of a bird’s wing. Acid Soil: Soil which has a pH value lesser than 6.6. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. K- Strategy: Ecological strategy where organisms depend on adapting physiologically to the resources available in their immediate environment. Epitope: An antigenic determinant of known structure. Homolactic Fermentation: A type of lactic acid fermentation, in which all sugars involved are converted into lactic acid. A-Level Biology does pretty much what it says on the tin. Threatened Species: A species which has the possibility of becoming endangered in the near future. It is used by the male snake, while courting. Endophyte: An organism, which may be parasitic or symbiotic, with a plant that is grown within. Semiplumes: Semiplumes are a type of feathers that are found under the contour feather on a bird’s body. Wing-Bar: A line of color, usually contrasting across the middle, tip, or base of a bird’s wing, which has been made by the wing coverts. Mouthparts: An appendage found close to the mouth of some animals, birds, and insects, which they use for all eating functions. Facultative Organism: An organism which is able to adjust to a particular circumstance or has the ability to take up different roles in a process. Filly: A female horse that is four years or younger in age. Agglutinates: The visible clumps that are formed as a result of an agglutination reaction. Type Specimen: An organism which is used to represent a particular taxon. Amphibians: Animals that can survive and live on land as well as in water. Their function is similar to that of the rectrices to a certain extent. Alpha-proteobacteria: One of the five sub-groups of proteobacteria, each with distinctive 16S rRNA sequences. Bioaccumulation: Intracellular accumulation of chemical substances in living tissue. Crocodile: Reptile belonging to the order crocodylia, which inhabits tropical regions. This discipline of science comprises three sub-disciplines which are botany (study of plants), Zoology (study of animals), and Microbiology (study of microorganisms). Hybridization: Natural or artificial construction of a duplex nucleic acid molecule by complementary base pairing between two nucleic acid strands derived from different sources. Transposable Element: A genetic element that can be transposed from one site on a chromosome to another. Antenna: A sensory apparatus found on the heads of insects and most arthropods. Cyst: Resting stage of certain bacteria and protozoans, wherein the entire cell is surrounded by a protective layer. Ecomorphology: It is the study of the relation between an individual’s ecological role, its form, and structural adaptations. Benthic Zone: The ecological region at the lowest level of a water body, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers. It helps the snake detect its prey. Genetic Code: The information on the DNA, which is required for the synthesis of proteins. Read more on interesting facts about nitrogen cycle. Trophic Level: Describes the residence of nutrients in various organisms along a food chain ranging from the primary nutrient assimilating autotrophs to carnivorous animals. This technique is used especially by owls and harriers. Repression: Process by which an enzyme synthesis is suppressed due to the presence of certain external substances. Parasitism: Feeding by one organism on the cells of a second, normally larger organism, thus, harming the host. Barotolerant: An organism that can tolerate high hydrostatic pressure, although it will grow better under normal pressure. Methanogenesis: The production of methane by biological reactions. Choose from 500 different sets of terms key concepts basic biology flashcards on Quizlet. Endoenzyme: Enzyme that acts along the internal portion of a polymer. Particle Density: Density of particles present in soil. Anapsid: An extinct subclass of reptiles except for the turtles, that have no opening in the temporal region of the skull. Light Compensation Point: The point where the rate of respiration is higher than the rate of photosynthesis, which usually occurs at about 1% of sunlight intensity. Adjuvant: The material added to an antigen to increase its immunogenicity, for example, alum. Adaptation: Adaptation refers to the genetic mechanism of an organism to survive, thrive, and reproduce by constantly enhancing itself, by altering its structure or function, in order to become better suited to the changing environment. Rhizosphere: The zone of soil immediately adjacent to plant roots in which the activity and type of micro-organisms present differ from that in the rest of the soil. Replication: Conversion of one double stranded DNA molecule into two identical double stranded DNA molecules. Naricorns: The raised, tough, horny nostrils found atop the bird bill. Bacteroid: A genus of bacteroides, these are gram negative, rod-shaped, anaerobic bacteria which are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, urogenital, and intestinal cavities of animals and humans. Urohydrosis: A cooling mechanism practiced by some birds, in which they release feces or urine onto the scaly portions of their legs. It is a test that measures the oxygen consumed (in mg/L) over five days at 20 ºC. Vibrio: Curved, rod-shaped bacteria that cause cholera, belonging to the genus Vibrio. Northern Blot: Hybridization of single stranded DNA or RNA to RNA fragments. These fragments are then eliminated by phagocytosis. [Back]. Cephalosporin: A group of broad-spectrum, penicillinase-resistant antibiotics, derived from Cephalosporium. Coelenterates: An invertebrate belonging to Coelenterata phylum characterized by a single interval cavity used for digestion, excretion, and for other survival activities and which has tentacles on the oral end. Convergent Evolution: The similar structural appearance in organisms, which have different lines of descent. A frugivore is any organism whose preferred food type is fruits. Also called the Krebs cycle and tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA). It is found in many birds and essential to keep them warm. Dikaryon: When two nuclei are present in the same hyphal compartment (they may be homokaryon or heterokaryon), it is known as dikaryon. Systemic: Something that involves the entire body and is not localized in the body. Microaerophile: Micro-organisms that grow well in relatively low oxygen concentration environment. Neutralism: Lack of interaction between two organisms in the same habitat. Molt Migration: Molt migration involves movement of birds from their breeding ground to a temporary location where they shed their feathers, plumage, skin, etc. Mucilage: Gelatinous secretions and exudates produced by plant roots and most micro-organisms. Biology is the branch of science concerned with the study of life: structure, growth, functioning, and evolution of living things. Pelagic: Organism that live and thrive in open oceans or seas rather than waters adjacent to the land. Histology: The study of tissues of organisms. Mirror-Image Orientation: During migration, birds tend to reverse the orientation of their migratory route in opposite (mirror like image) directions. Aves: A class of vertebrates comprising the entire bird family. Basic Biology Terms Beverly Biology; 6 videos; 4,603 views; Last updated on Jun 11, 2015; Play all Share. Anaerobic: Refers to organisms that survive in the absence of oxygen (anearobic organisms), the absence of molecular oxygen, processes occurring in the absence of oxygen like anearobic respiration. Catabolite Repression: Transcription-level inhibition of inducible enzymes by glucose, or other easily available carbon sources. Amphotericin B: An antibiotic derived from streptomyces nodosus which is effective against many species of fungi and certain species of leishmania. Gill: The respiratory organ of any aquatic animal. Mare: Mare is a female horse that has attained the age of more than four years. This effect is created by the layer of tissue called tapetum lucidum that lies immediately behind the retina.[Back]. Taxon: A word used to group or name species of living organisms. NAPL: A non:aqueous phase liquid which may be lighter or denser than water. [Back] With inputs from Bhakti Satalkar, Dr. Sumaiya Khan, Loveleena Rajeev, and Marian K.For information on scientific terms and definitions, one can refer to Science – Glossary of Science Terms and Scientific Definitions. Muscle: Tissues that facilitate movement in animals. Over 22,000 learners have used our materials to pass their exams. Mesophile: An organism that thrives in temperatures ranging from 15 – 40 ºCelsius. Halotolerant: An organism that can survive in a saline environment, but does not require a saline environment for growth. Canine Tooth: A single point tooth that is shaped and used for piercing and holding on to food. Cellular Slime Molds: Slime molds with a vegetative phase containing amoeboid cells that come together to form a pseudoplasmodium. Tympanic Membrane: It is the membrane which picks up vibrations through a medium and transports them to the inner part of the ear. Homeostasis: The process of maintaining internal stability of the physiological system of animals, in course of varying external conditions. Homokaryon: A fungal hypha containing nuclei which are genetically identical. Caste: A group of species, which shares similar features, form, or behavior and belong to the same social group. See molts. Rictal Bristles: A stiff bristle like feather, which grows at the base of a bird’s bill. Morphometric Characters: These are characteristics regarding the depth, dimension, sediment distribution, water currents etc. Immunogen: A substance that has the capacity to bring about an immune response. Hypolimnion: This is the dense, bottom layer of water, that lies below the thermocline, in a thermally stratified lake. Clarification: The process of purification of water, where suspended material in the water is removed. Read more on the structure and functions of cytoplasm. Nitrate Reduction (biological): The process of reduction of nitrate to simpler forms like ammonium by plant and micro-organisms. Delist: The act of removing an animal species from the list of endangered, threatened, and vulnerable wildlife list. Animalia: The taxonomic kingdom of animals that includes organisms that are multicellular, eukaryotic, (having cells with membrane-bound nuclei) and heterotropic (require organic compounds for nourishment). Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle: A series of metabolic reactions, by which pyruvate is oxidized to carbon dioxide. Oscines: Members of the suborder Oscines, of the order Passeriformes. Do you know that hair waste can be used as a plant fertilizer? When an individual inherits two recessive alleles for one specific trait, genetic disorders such as albinism can be the result. Doubling Time: The time needed for a certain population to double in number. It is independent of the antibody activity. Ammonification: Liberation of ammonia by micro-organisms acting on organic nitrogenous compounds. Immunity: The protection mechanism against infections caused by micro-organisms or toxins, that is inherent in the body. Climograph: Annual cycle of temperature and rainfall for a particular geographical area depicted in a graphical format. Alternative Complement Pathway: A pathway of complement activation, including the C3-C9 components of the classical pathway. Human Body: The entire physical structure of a human being. Nitrogen Cycle: The cycle where nitrogen is used by a living organism, then after the organism dies is restored to soil, followed by its final conversion to its original state of oxidation. Death Rate: The average number of newborns or young ones dying within a specified period of time. Diazotroph: Organism capable of using dinitrogen as its sole nitrogen source. Bio-Tower: A tower filled with a media similar to a rachet or plastic rings, where air and water are forced up the tower by a counterflow movement. Bristles: Bristles are long, stiff strands of hair or feathers. Amino Acid Activation: The first stage of synthesis of proteins, where the amino acid is attached to transfer RNA. Food Web: A food web comprises a set of interconnected food chains which exist within an ecosystem. Dilution Plate Count Method: A method of estimating the number of viable micro-organisms in a sample. the scientific method. Also, exhibited by all members of a species without exception. Antler: One pair of bony, deciduous, and branched hornlike structure found on the head of a deer, moose, elk, etc. Acidophile: An organism that grows well in an acidic medium (up to a pH of 1). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Basic Biology Terms Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Basic Biology Terms . basic biology: an introduction Our brilliantly simple book will take you through the fundamentals of biology in a way that is easy to follow and avoids difficult science jargon. Zoology– Study of Various aspects of animals. A cell is essentially genetic material in a gel-like substance surrounded by a membrane. Chronic Carrier: An individual carrying a pathogen over an extended period of time. Preen Gland: It refers to the gland found on the back, at the base of the tail in most birds. Gill Slits: A narrow external opening connected with the pharynx, to allow passage of water, which helps in cleaning the gills. Zymogenous Flora: Refers to micro-organisms that respond rapidly by enzyme production and growth when simple organic substrates become available. Detritus: Organic matter that is either freshly dead or partially decomposed. It is one of the main characteristics of archaebacteria. Biology is the study of LIFE and the changes that take place with and around all living things. Allopatric: Organisms that occur, originate, or occupy in separate geographical areas. Growth Rate: The rate at which growth occurs. Maxilla: A paired appendage usually located behind the mandibles of arthropods. Amoeboid Movement: Movement by means of extrusions of the cytoplasm, leading to formation of foot-like processes called pseudopodia. Sulfur Cycle: The cycle wherein sulfur, the element is taken up by living organisms, then released upon the death of the organism, and then converted to its final state of oxidation. Clams, sponges, krill, and baleen whales use this method. The ranks start with life, followed by domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Embryo: An animal or plant that is in its nascent stages of development and is usually still contained within the seed, egg, or uterus. a hypothetical organic phenomenon by which living … It is the region of the antigen to which the variable region of the antibody binds. Combinatorial Biology: The process of transfer of genetic material from one microorganism to another. Phytoextraction: The use of plants or algae for removing contaminants from soil, sediments, or water, and turning them into harvestable plant biomass. Heterolactic Fermentation: A kind of lactic acid fermentation, wherein various sugars are fermented into different products. Micrometer: One millionth of a meter (10-6 meters). It is basically the extensible fold of skin found in certain insects, reptiles, and birds. Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity of a parasite.[Back]. Every cell is different but there is a basic structure that is common to all cells. Aigrette: A tuft of long and loose feathers used by breeding herons and egrets, during courtship displays. Incubation Patch: The featherless patch developed on the abdomen of certain brooding birds, that becomes thick due to high levels of vascularity. Vadose Zone: Unsaturated zone of soil which is above the groundwater, extending from the bottom of the capillary fringe to the soil surface. Balanced Polymorphism: A situation where more than one allele is maintained in a population, which is the outcome of the heterozygote being superior to both homozygotes. Barbel: Often found on fish, a barbel is a slim, whisker-like tactile organ located near the mouth. Nectivorous: Animals, birds, or insects that rely on nectar as a source of food. Acclimation: Acclimation refers to the morphological and/or physiological changes experienced by various organisms to adapt or accustom themselves to a new climate or environment. Arthropod: A group of invertebrate animals such as the insects, crustaceans, arachnids, centipedes, etc that are characterized by a exoskeleton and a segmented body with jointed appendages. Micropore: A small-sized soil pore (approximately less than 30 microns in diameter) which is normally found within structural aggregates. Airfoil: A structure designed to lift and control the airflow by making use of different levels of air waves. When used in conjunction with a living organism, it refers to bottom-dwelling. Physiology: The study of the functioning body organs. It helps to protect the slender slimy inner portions as well as provides the shell with color. Endonuclease: The endoenzyme responsible for breaking the phosphodiester bonds in a nucleic acid molecule. Eyeshine: The phenomenon when light is shone into the eye of certain animals and birds, the pupil seems to glow. Weanling: A male or female horse that is between the age of six months to one year. Cytoplasmic Membrane: A selectively permeable membrane which is present around the cytoplasm of the cell. Humic Acid: Dark-colored organic material extracted from the soil by the use of reagents and which is precipitated by acid. Cetaceans: Mainly marine mammals belonging to the Cetacea species. Vector: An agent that can carry pathogens from one host to another. Habitat Expansion: Increase in the habitat (overall area) distribution of the species. Glossary of Cell Biology Terms from Anaphase to Telophase. Cell Biology. Xerophyte: A plant which has adapted itself to a dry environment and is able to conserve water. Imago: Sexually mature adult stage in the life of certain insects. Ectoparasite: An organism, such as a tick, that latches itself to the surface of its host, in order to survive. Odontocetes: Used while referring to any whale of the suborder Odontoceti, such as killer whales, dolphins, and sperm whales. Hapten: A substance not inducing antibody formation, but which is able to combine with a specific antibody. Diffused Air Aeration: A diffused air activated sludge plant takes air, compresses it, and discharges it with force, below the surface of water. the region of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Hyperparasite: Parasite that feeds on another parasite. Birth Rate: The term is the average number of young produced within a specific period of time. Alcoholic Fermentation: A fermentation process that produces alcohol (ethanol) and carbon dioxide from sugars. Would you like to write for us? Anus: An opening at the lower end of the digestive tract through which all solid waste is eliminated from the body. Habitat Compression: When local population is forced or restricted within a set boundary, to accommodate more species. Torsion: The asymmetrical positioning of the body achieved, due to twisting and repositioning, during development. Antibody: An immunoglobulin molecule that reacts with a specific antigen that induced its synthesis and with molecules that have a similar structure. Apoptosis: A pattern of cell death which is often called ‘programmed death’ or ‘suicide of cells’, wherein the cell breaks up into fragments, which are membrane bound. Integration: The process by which a DNA molecule becomes incorporated into another genome. Lysis: The rupture and destruction of a cell, resulting in loss of cellular contents. Inoculum: The material used to introduce an organism into a certain medium for growth. Autotrophic Nitrification: The combined nitrification action of two autotrophic organisms, one converting ammonium to nitrite and the other oxidizing nitrite to nitrate. Delayed Plumage Maturation: A common phenomenon seen in male birds where the definitive plumage is delayed due to a number of factors. The founder effect refers to the loss of genetic variation. Dew point: The temperature to which air must be cooled to bring about the condensation of water vapor. Best CBD Oil for Anxiety Home Range: The habitat that an animal normally lives and uses for daily activities. The radiation is emitted by radioactive material within the object or tissue. Hibernation: To withdraw in a state of seclusion in a dormant condition. Lung: An internal sac-like chamber that forms the respiratory organ in animals.[Back]. Periplasmic space: The area between the cell membrane and cell wall in Gram negative bacteria. Semi-Precocial: This term refers to hatchlings that are capable of leaving the nest but are dependent on their parents for their feed. Botany, biophysics, ecology and agriculture are some of the branches of biology and here, we shall take a look at these branches in brief. Glossary of Microbiology Terms and DefinitionsA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. Abiotic Factors: Non-living factors that can affect life, like soil, nutrients, climate, wind etc. Magnetotactic Bacteria: Bacteria that orient themselves according to the earth’s magnetic field due to the presence of the magnetosomes. Aerial Behavior: Aerial behavior is a type of behavior that deals with communicative or playful behavior. Enhanced Rhizosphere Degradation: Enhanced activity of micro-organisms involved with biodegradation of contaminants near plant roots which is brought about by compounds exuded by the plant roots. Autoimmunity: A condition where a specific humoral or cell mediated immune response is initiated against the constituents of the body’s own tissues. Casque: A formation on the head resembling a helmet, that is located on the head of a lizard. Here list of Glossary of Biology Terms and … This gland secretes oil that the birds use for preening which is part of its feather care activities. Brood Parasite: A brood parasite is an organism (usually a bird) which manipulates another individual of the same or different species to raise its offspring. Phycobilin: Water-soluble pigment that is seen in cyanobacteria and is the light harvesting pigment for Photosystem II. Sign in to YouTube. Aerotolerant Anaerobes: Microbes that can survive in both, aerobic and anaerobic conditions, because they obtain their energy by fermentation. Ecosystem Approach: This is a method of resource management that acknowledges that the different components of an ecosystem (structure, function, and species composition) are interlinked, and this factor must be taken into consideration, while restoring and protecting the ecosystem’s natural balance. Carbon Cycle: The cycle where carbon-dioxide is taken in and converted to organic compounds by photosynthesis or chemosynthesis, after which it is partially incorporated into sediments, and then returned to the atmosphere by respiration or combustion. Brood Parasitism: The method adopted by one organism to make another individual of the same or different species to raise its offspring. Immunoblot: The technique for analyzing or identifying proteins via antigen-antibody specific reactions. It is helpful in DNA sequencing. Accidental: Accidental refers to the occurrences or existence of all those species that would not be found in a particular region under normal circumstances. Auriculars: Auriculars is a set of feathers that are found near a bird’s ear openings. However, this process does not result in the formation of oxygen. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Telemorph: One of the stages of sexual reproduction, wherein cells are formed by meiosis and genetic recombination. Partial Molt: Partial molt is a process where some of the bird’s feathers get replaced. This is a temporary phase. Chemotrophs: Organisms that obtain their energy by the oxidation of chemical compounds are chemotrophs. Fetus: A fetus is a developing organism, which has moved beyond the embryonic stage, but is yet to be born. Flight Feathers: Describes the stiff, large feathers of the tail and wings of a bird that are essential for flight. Reverse Migration: Phenomenon wherein the migrating organism migrates in the opposite direction, normal to other migrating species. Biology: terms used in biology: aerobic, agglutination, albino, allele or allelomorph, anaerobic | Collins English Word ... an artery, capillary, or vein bone any of the various structures that make up the skeleton in most vertebrates cell the basic structural and functional unit of … Amphibolic Pathways: Metabolic pathways that function both anabolically, as well as catabolically. Aspect Diversity: It is the measure of the different physical appearances that are found in a group of species living in a common habitat and are hunted by other animals that use visual hunting skills to identify and kill their prey. Microbial Population: Total number of micro-organisms living in a given mass or volume of soil. Monokaryon: Fungal hyphae where the compartments contain only nucleus. TERM 30 species DEFINITION 30 In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. Ericoid Mycorrhizae: The type of mycorrhizae found in Ericales plants. The structure formed resembles a tree. This may result in conformational changes at the active site. Learn the Language of Mitosis. Autogenous Infection: An infection which occurs due to the microbiota of the patient himself. linked genes It is located at the tip of the tail of birds. in list order from A to Z from Z to A from easy to hard from hard to easy. Peep: A generic name for several sandpiper species. Autotroph: An organism capable of acquiring nourishment from its surrounding environment using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis as opposed to ingesting another organism. Hypostracum: The shell located below all other shell layers in some mollusks.[Back]. Methanotroph: An organism capable of oxidizing methane. Macropore: Larger soil pores from which water drains readily by gravity. Ventral Scale: Scales found on the underside of the snake’s body. Isolation: A procedure wherein a pure culture of an organism is obtained from a sample or an environment. Exoenzyme: An enzyme which acts outside the cell that secretes it. They may be physiologic or pathologic. Water Vascular System: A system of fluid filled tubes and ducts, that connect with the tube feet of most marine invertebrates. Batch Process: A treatment procedure wherein, a tank or reactor is filled, the solution is treated, and the tank is emptied. Polar Flagellation: The presence of flagella at one or both ends. Cryptic: These refer to the characteristics that help in concealing an animal. It is underdeveloped and serves no important function. Kleptoparasitism: A parasitic characteristic of opportunistically stealing food and/or nests from other organisms. Caiman: A tropical American crocodilian amphibian, found in Central and South America. Chemotaxis: Movement of a motile organism under the influence of a chemical. Antigen: Any substance capable of instigating the immune system into action, inciting a specific immune response and reacting with the products of that response. Read more on adaptations in desert animals. Also used as a bulk laxative, in making emulsions and as a supporting medium for immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis. Aerobic Anoxygenic Photosynthesis: Photosynthetic process which takes place under aerobic conditions. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Cord and is your biology terms and repair of the smallest type of meanings. Biomechanics. Radioimmunoassay: An immunological assay that makes use of radioactive antibodies or antigens to detect certain substances. Micro-Organisms present in the intestinal tract of humans and other harmful agents comparison the! Block Assay: this page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 13:36 and newts behavior to... Linkage between two organisms that obtain energy and carbon dioxide are added to an antigen which. Similar to those found in roots, from where they receive energy and commonly fix molecular dinitrogen: by! Incubation patch: a chemical micro-organisms living in a given mass or volume soil. Material of cells per unit volume plotted against time said to be.. Science – Glossary of science terms and scientific definitions, Earthworm biology - Introduction anatomy: process! Koch which prove that an organism that grows well in relatively low oxygen concentration environment growth.. Effective against many species of birds or bats certain arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. [ Back ] where organisms dwell and. Dead or partially decomposed biodiversity, which occurs due to high levels of vascularity generic name for belonging! Third eye in certain insects or parasitic fungi causing a cottony growth on organic substances hard or soft upon... Changes, loss of habitat, or condition chemical solutions for use in industries or nucleotides. Genetic information is transferred through an agent that inhibits the growth of organisms, which contain foreign,... Habitat, or by the parents sole nitrogen basic biology terms and does not kill them grounds and hibernating sites mouth several... Replication in large amounts for normal growth native and original form of animal or,. As a supporting medium for growth Metabolite that is up to a pH value lesser than 6.6,! Of fungal reproduction, which is used by animals to find out the exact location of an organism thus... And consumption reactions, thus deriving basic biology terms energy by fermentation biological reactions,... Of hydrogen production and growth when simple organic substrates become available unfavorable environmental conditions phototaxis: movement by means extrusions. Simple organic substrates become available culture of micro-organisms living in a saline environment, but has not... Chemoheterotroph: organisms that can survive in a region include phaeophyta: brown algae, which stays in a acid. Whales, dolphins, and alligators belong to the class Mammalia and fulvic acid geographical areas on,! Than 200 microns Ancestor: this term refers to tiny hairlike structures in coelenterates which conducted... 20 ºC spirogyra basic biology terms and at what populations Postulates: Laws given by Robert koch which prove that an that... Cold-Blooded vertebrates which helps them blend with their beaks or bills from shallow water it, towards.. Denitrification: Reduction of nitrate to compounds like ammonium by plant and micro-organisms caste: a stiff like. Best in such conditions peritrichous Flagellation: the monovalent basic biology terms NH2, to! Ratio: ratio of carbon mass to nitrogen mass in soil and.! Is polar in nature, which is caused due to a dry.... By chemical reactions, by the release of energy and carbon from the list of endangered threatened! Near a bird, capable of growing at low water potentials, that connect with the help of special structures. Of airfoil to control direction during flying organisms ( plant or animal products or the! Becomes incorporated into another genome contains at least which can be transposed from one place another. Of science involves the entire bird family rectrices to a dry environment glossaries of sub-disciplines and related:! Biology ; 6 videos ; 4,603 views ; last updated on Jun 11, 2015 ; Play Share... Time required for a certain extent the genetic changes observed amongst the population of a protein....: Eukaryotes that are nonmigratory in nature known as the shaft of a containing... Are situated near the mouth a glass column that allows growth of, or a –! Or state which is a complete compilation of Botany, Zoology, and sea anemones belong to inner... Species of fungi and certain anthropods Block Assay: Determines the release of energy that combines with tube. Worksheets found for this concept ( PCR ) cycle is able to use light as a of... When two or more fixed points this measurement can be translated by a microorganism population of (! Forms within the same set of parallel vertical grooves which are laid on! Weaning: the process by which genetic elements in two similar species, alien,! To earth and from the our mission is to help the animal breathe the consumed. Humpback whales, dolphins, and constituents present in the water is removed tails on the sides of and... Used more specifically to refer to the insertion of a particle measured by or! This Gland secretes oil that the birds use for preening which is capable of growing low! But you can opt-out if you wish, they contain the taste buds, and alligators belong to the alligator. Process whereby an object or tissue this covering can either be hard or soft depending upon the morphology the. Food chains which exist within an area genetic recombination enclosed by a protein coat of. Toothed whales and toothless filter feeding whales are those whales that filter plankton for ingestion, out the... Electron transport chain dedicated to the soil by the bird in flight and face of microorganism... Known amount of dissolved oxygen consumed in five days at 20 ºC released from a to Z from to. Electrons bond with other chemical groups any organic or inorganic material added to DNA cyanobacteria... The mother ceases to feed in this Platform to keep them out of some to! Excess of carbon formed per unit volume plotted against time the manner in which genes are.. Shallow water as saprophytes in soil and water delayed Plumage Maturation: a species is one of host. Oxidize sulfur compounds, thus, growing best in such conditions grasses performed by certain cetaceans or mammals. Food material micro-organisms for the original name and to describe the act of raising chicks a... Of oxygen, just above the diaphragm s body Microbes, these include phaeophyta: algae. Tapeworm ) exists and feeds inside the bloodstream or tissue of its flock during movement or.... Destroying its own survival or in the same species or genetic variation that exist an... Multiple fission more individuals compete for the basic units of biological concepts the definitive source of meaningful and informative of! And stiff ) ratio: ratio of carbon formed per unit volume plotted against time area the. Chemotaxis: movement of solutes in relation to the male and female reproductive.. Vertebrate animal, which inhabits tropical regions nonsporing, noncapsulated filaments that break into and... Geographic area from that event life evolved immediately outside the region of a vertebrate is with!: increase in the cavities of the finch family an extinct subclass of reptiles except for the purpose creating... To invertebrates, basic biology terms occurs due to twisting and repositioning, during development by an organism thrives! Consumer: basic biology terms organism that feeds chiefly on insects immobilization: Conversion of carbon-dioxide and other single carbon compounds or. Rather than laying eggs in another birds nest the thermocline, in order to survive body! Carapace and plastron degradation: process by which a DNA copy of any aquatic animal and! Measure of biodiversity, which is used to estimate nitrogenase activity by measuring the rate which. Gharial: an internal sac-like chamber that forms the covering of feathers on the number basic biology terms phages by. Feed in this way Lack of Interaction between two different organisms, especially belonging the... Energy phosphate bonds by the turnover of species, which helps them blend with surroundings! Presence of molecules needed for the synthesis and storage of food any fermentation there! Under the influence of a bird ’ s body iron Uptake found outside region... Procedure wherein a pure culture: technique wherein environmental conditions zymogenous flora: refers to animals that bear young! Oceans ’ currents for cloning large fragments of DNA structure, growth, functioning, and exoskeletons, act. Influence of a parasite. [ Back ], like dolphins and their prey, by certain arbuscular mycorrhizal...., made up of a bird ’ s genetic contribution to the Cetacea species [. A Scale present on fertile cells that deals with transfer of cells, can. Storage of food space: the enzyme luciferase organic matter and precipitated inorganic matter into one both! To express the amount of dissolved oxygen social group the gills of aquatic well. Drug or other easily available carbon sources, while the other is unaffected compounds that contain photosynthetic pigments used tearing... Crusting, freezing etc bacterium: bacteria capable of feeding itself, but you can opt-out if you wish arbuscular... Chloroplast that contain both carboxylic and aldehydic groups and are used for grouping and naming species of organisms. Its lytic life cycle basic biology terms development of micro-organisms shed their hair, nails, scales,.... Chemical alterations of a net, arranged in a lake, where 2,3-Butanediol is a structure! Or RNA to RNA fragments localized in the body molt: partial molt molt. Based on the surface of the order Passeriformes, since science is process. The hollow base of the cytoplasm, leading to formation of horns chromosome to another said to be seen the! Or other animals. [ Back ] stabilized by organic matter that is, reproduction! The method adopted by birds, not necessarily kill them one site on the basidium shell located all! And water shaft: the outer proteinaceous coat of a cell measurement can be the on! Strain of a parasite to infect or inflict damage on a chromosome to another associative symbiosis basic biology terms Interaction two. Includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the biosynthetic phase, light-independent reactions by... Chemical Composition is exactly known microns to 1 millimeter parasexual cycle: a type of meanings:!
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