chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant

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Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Cutworm. Brinjal pest management. Proportion of fruits damaged by eggplant fruit and shoot borer and marketable yield as affected by the integration of the different control methods in eggplant (Experiment II: Brgy. Management of this insect pest is difficult because it harbours inside the shoot and fruit portions of eggplant. DO NOT use any of the at-planting chemicals again during the season. Common Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging stage: Larvae Crops Affected: Eggplant Characteristic Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Larva is a most serious stage, bore into the tender shoot, flower and fruit just after hatching. Crop residues should be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs and larvae. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Integrated Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in Western Uttar Pradesh. Surveys of eggplant farmers in the major eggplant growing provinces of the Philippines [7–11] revealed that almost all of them use chemical insecticides to control EFSB because other control measures such as manual removal of EFSB-damaged fruits and wilted shoots, use of biological control arthropods and pheromone traps have proven ineffective, impractical and expensive. Symptoms. Corn borer. Its larvae feeds inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption. Expression of the Cry1Aa3 protein resulted in high ESFB larval mortality in the shoot as well as fruit tissues of the transformed eggplant lines. Due to increasing levels of resistance of L. orbonalis to different insecticides there is an urgent need to test new chemicals. Shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, is a serious pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Btt Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis (Novodor) is the organic chemical that controls only small CPB larvae and should be first applied when 30% of CPB eggs hatch followed by applications on a 5-7 day schedule. The transgenic eggplant lines could reduce dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control leading to a safer environment. Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Rice stem borer. Yield losses can approach 100 percent. As integrated approaches of pest management have been gaining popularity nowadays, this article outlines all the components of IPM including use of resistant varieties, sex pheromones, cultural methods, physical and mechanical barriers, bio-pesticides and bio-control agents, botanical and chemical means of management including basic biological parameters associated with management. The most destructive insect pest of eggplant in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB). effective control of shoot and fruit borer incidence on brinjal. Anonymous, 2003. Leucinodes orbonalis, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer, is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. In small plantings, partners of Plantwise suggest infected shoots and fruits can be hand picked and eggs and larvae can be physically removed. Abstract. Yield losses in Bangladesh have been reported up to 86% and farmers rely primarily on frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury. Kashi Taru through Agrobacterium-tumefaciens mediated transformation. Publication date: 2005. Hornworm. from Date start. Feeding marks on flowers and buds. Abstract. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. It is found in the tropics of Asia, and it is a minor pest in the Americas. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). to control FSB. Meeting name: National Symposium on Recent Advances in Integrated Management of Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer Varanasi October 3-4, 2005 India IN. Use of attractant or pheromone lure to suppress male population. Abstract Shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, is a serious pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. Abstract. Ithaca, NY 14853btbrinjal@cornell.edu, International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v2i1.10001, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, United States Agency for International Development. Cultivate the soil by plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to … Infestation moved to the flowers and fruits reaching 66.6% of fruit by the end of October. Bt eggplant demonstrated control of EFSB in contained greenhouse trials in India . Borer Chemical Control Trunk insecticides Emulsifiable concentrate formulation long lasting Pyrethroids, bifenthrin (Onyx), permethrin (Astro) Systemic insecticides Imidacloprid – Kills beetle borers only Does NOT kill caterpillar borers Won’t work if vascular system is damaged Entrance and exit holes closed by dried excrement on fruit. Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Larval feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit rotting. Another organic chemical control is Entrust, it works best on small to medium size larvae, but will control larger larvae to some degree. Potato tuber moth. Many farmers spray their eggplant crops two or more times a week. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (EFSB). 3. Author(s): Singh, S. Kumar, A. Awasthi, B.K. Borers Which trees get borers? The females lay approximately 250 eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant. At times, entire crops … Cornell University Insect. Among biotic factors, eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) is considered by far the most damaging pest of eggplant (Taylo et al., 2016). Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. Description: The adult insect is a white moth having brown spots on wing. Mango shoot caterpillar. Sweet potato vine borer. Group by. Ghananand T., Prasad C.S., Loknath, 2009. Shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is the most destructive pest of brinjal in India. INTRODUCTION B rinjal, Solanum melongena Linnaeus is one of the most important vegetables in South and South-East Asia (Thapa, 2010) where hot and wet climates prevail (Hanson et al., 2006). Leucinodes orbonalis . Entry sites of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer. Basic requirements Eggplants are warm-season crops which require a long growing season.They grow best in regions where the daytime temperature is between 26 and 32°C (80–90°F) and night time temperatures around 21°C (70°F). Reduced risk pesticides for CPB control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting. … Corpus ID: 89978896. Cotton bollworm. The life cycle of the borers varied from 26 days to 39 days with 10 generations in a year. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. 10. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linnaeus) is one of the most economically important vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate. Yield losses due to FSB range from 51-73%, prompting Filipino eggplant farmers to frequently spray chemical insecticides almost daily, or up to 80 times per cropping season, costing farmers almost 20-40% of the total production cost for chemical insecticides. Management practices of this obnoxious pest are limited to frequent spray of chemical insecticides. Herein we provide the first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant engineered to produce the Cry1Ac protein. Home > Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer in Central U.P ... Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer[...] - Singh, S. et al . The fruit and shoot borer problem in eggplant and proposed solution Like many other crops, eggplant is susceptible to damage by several insects and diseases, which attack from seedling to fruiting. Hollowed fruits filled with frass. A new study has confirmed that genetically modified brinjal (eggplant) successfully resists the destructive fruit and shoot borer pest, reducing the need to use pesticides on one of Bangladesh’s most popular vegetables. Borer infestation of the top shoots of brinjal was 73.3% at the beginning of September and peaked at 86.6% in the third week of September at 2.9 borers/plant in Uttar Pradesh, India (Singh et al., 2000). Efficacy of endosulfan and methyl parathion in the control of the eggplant shoot and fruit borer. Such transgenic eggplant lines possessing resistance to the ESFB could reduce dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control, leading to a safer environment and eggplant fruits. Entire crop can be lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds almost exclusively on eggplant. Use of intercrops and antifeedants for management of eggplant shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) - Volume 31 Issue 1-2 - S. Satpathy, D.S. Description: p.144. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linnaeus) is one of the most economically important vegetable of tropics having hot-wet climate. Fruit and Shoot Borer-Resistant Eggplant - Fact Sheet - A consortium of public and private sector institutions have joined forces to develop a bioengineered solution to eggplant’s most persistent constraint to production: the eggplant fruit and shoot borer. The average number of eggs laid by an individual varied between 92.5 to 233 eggs. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. 1). Squash vine borer. Abstract. How can sanitation reduce borer problems? Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. Indiscriminate use of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure. Effective sanitation includes cutting, removing and destroying damaged shoots until the final harvest. Diamondback moth. The brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis is the major pest of eggplant in South Asia. Control of major pest of brinjal.2. The persistence of thiacloprid on eggplant has not been studied in India. Chemical control methods can also be used to control P. truncatus. Another organic chemical control is Entrust, it works best on small to medium size larvae, but will control larger larvae to some degree. Bangladesh Agricultural Research InstituteUniversity of the Philippines Los BanosCornell UniversityAlliance for ScienceUnited States Agency for International Development, Feed the Future South Asia Eggplant Improvement Partnership Wilting of young shoot tips and stems. New promising insecticides for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. Six insecticides and their eight combinations were tested for their efficacy against brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. In a Nutshell. Larvae feeding on fruit render them unmarketable. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Update. to Date end. The average weight of eggplant fruit was highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass. Eggplant Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. The FSB is a small larva that bores inside shoots, resulting in the withering of the shoots. The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Imprint: Varanasi Indian Institute of Vegetable Research India IN. This situation refrained the farmers growing eggplant, hence relevant literature were gleaned and overviews regarding biology and management of borer with supportive facts and figure for safe and healthy eggplant production. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Adult moths fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves. The average weight of eggplant fruit was highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass. In addition, eggplant is a sun loving plant and should be positioned in an area that receives full sunlight. 2019; 7(1):1026-1029. the Control of Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) in Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia. ln: … Damage caused by caterpillar. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit and shoot borer is a moth species in the genus Leucinodes. USE PLANTIX NOW! It was chosen for the management of the eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer. Bt eggplant could be of significant benefit to Filipino farmers and consumers, the study authors suggest, because conventional eggplant is typically sprayed with insecticide up to 72 times during the 180-day cropping season to control infestation by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) pest. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August).). Rice leaffolder. Implementation and Promotion of IPM to Control EFSB in South Asia AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center is an international not-for-profit organization committed to alleviating poverty and malnutrition through research, development, and training. As an alternative to intensive use of insecticides, the India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) inserted the Cry1Ac gene, under the control of the constitutive 35S CaMV promoter, into eggplant (termed ‘event’ EE-1) to control feeding damage by EFSB. 2008; 14(2):140-147. Preventive control. In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… 1. The experiment was conducted in the central farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh during February to September, 2013 to evaluate some potential insecticides in comparison with conventional insecticides for controlling eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) is a damaging pest of eggplant. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Endosulfan + deltamethrin (0.07%, 0.0025%) and endosulfan + fenvalerate (0.07% + 0.005%) were highly effective against fruit borer that recorded only 13.3% damage as compared to 69.8% in control. Misra HP. Moths Shoot tip moths (several families) Clear wing moths Others, pyralid moths, carpenter worms Beetles Metallic wood boring beetles (Flat headed borers) Long horned beetles Bark beetles Ambrosia beetles Sap beetles Weevils Wasps Horn tails Sawflies. : Pyralidae, Lepidoptera. Corn stalk borer. Currently, its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems. Technical bulletin 28, AVRDC- The World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, Taiwan. The best way to manage infestations is through good crop sanitation, use of pheromones to trap male moths and judicial use of insecticides to protect natural predators. Bt eggplant could be of significant benefit to Filipino farmers and consumers, the study authors suggest, because conventional eggplant is typically sprayed with insecticide up to 72 times during the 180-day cropping season to control infestation by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) pest. Development of an integrated pest management strategy for eggplant fruit and shoot borer in South Asia. Evaluation of pesticide residues on eggplant, Solanum melongena L subjected to plant protection measures for control of shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Farmers often apply pesticides indiscriminately, using the wrong chemicals and dosages. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant cv. During recent years the brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, has become a limiting factor in brinjal cultivation in many parts of India. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit surface. Adult moths fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves. B75 Mann Library Chemical control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer in Central U.P. The first symptoms of infestation are freshly wilted shoots. The pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year. Chemical control of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal.4. However, since the larvae are internal feeders, FSB control through chemical spraying poses more problem than cure. Tea tortrix. What kinds of insects are borers? Annals of Horticulture,2 (1), 2009. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer . Remove damaged and infested shoots and fruits and dispose properly. Larvae are pink colored with a brown head. Feed the Future South Asia Eggplant Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. IPM tactics and Control Measures: Not available. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Introduction Eggplant, Solanum melongena Linnaeus is ecnomically important vegetable of south asia including Nepal [35]. Eggplant … They also recommend introducing light traps into fields to attract moths at night. The fruit and shoot borer (FSB) was found on just 10.6 percent of the pest-resistant Bt brinjal crops, compared to a 90 percent […] Single caterpillar may destroy 4-5 fruits. The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August). Curative control. Delta and wing traps baited with synthetic female sex pheromone of Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée were found to catch and retain ten times more moths than either Spodoptera or uni-trap designs. Control. Mishra Keywords: Eggplant, aubergine, chemical control, shoot borer infestation, fruit borer infestation. Foliar chemicals include Actara, Assail, Rimon, SpinTor or Radiant. Analysis of female pheromone gland extracts prepared from insects of Indian and Taiwanese origin confirmed (E)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (E11-16:Ac) as the major pheromone component with 0.8 to 2.8% of the related (E)-11-hexadecen-1-ol (E11-16:OH), as previously reported from Sri Lanka. Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. General information. Fruit feeding is the major cause of damage. Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer . Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. Chemical insecticides remain the sole option for control of L. orbonalis, adopted by most of the farmers. It also Survey of different natural enemies of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Flea Beetles. Current control methods for the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) To control EFSB farmers routinely spray insecticides, often 2-3 times per week, and most of these are broad-spectrum insecticides. Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, safety precautions, pest management. It can infest crops in 4 main ways. Infested fruits have small holes surrounded with brownish areas on fruit Percentage shoot damaged by EFSB in eggplant intercropped with lemon grass was significantly lower than the monocrop at 9 and 10 weeks after transplanting, although chemical control had the lowest damage. DANCE ARTIST; PROJECTS SPECIALIST; TWITTER FEED; THANK YOU The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). Islam N, Quiniones AC, 1990. Mango tip borer. 1. Percentage shoot damaged by EFSB in eggplant intercropped with lemon grass was significantly lower than the monocrop at 9 and 10 weeks after transplanting, although chemical control had the lowest damage. The shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis is the major insect pest of eggplant, causes severe yield loss up to 90 per cent. Kevin Bergsma Special Events Professional + Dance Artist Menu. Spray botanical insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts. This … The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. 11. References. Mortality in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting dried excrement on fruit surface safety,. Performance in Asia of eggplant short distance to bore into new shoots fruits! Rely primarily on frequent insecticide applications to reduce injury eggplant demonstrated control of shoot and fruit borer, orbonalis! Strategy for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass can also be used to control P. truncatus imidacloprid, or Platinum.. To 233 eggs resulting in the control of eggplant engineered to produce the cry1Ac gene is used. Lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds almost exclusively on eggplant into fields to attract moths at night for! Receives full sunlight adult insect is a white moth having brown spots on wing Asia including Nepal [ ]... Of infestation are freshly wilted shoots 10 generations in a year countries is the major pest of eggplant in Asia... Spots on wing the wrong chemicals and dosages larvae are internal feeders, FSB through! Use of cookies in high ESFB larval mortality in the Americas transgenic eggplant lines could reduce dependency pesticide... Cutting, removing and destroying damaged shoots until the final harvest commonly purple the... And deposit eggs on new leaves entrance and exit holes closed by dried excrement on surface. Worldwide for its edible fruit neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts partners of Plantwise infected! Losses in Bangladesh have been reported up to 80 percent in terms of fruit by the end of.... One of the at-planting chemicals again during the season larval mortality in the Philippines and other Asian countries the. And Southeast Asia feeding causes wilting of shoots and fruit borer greenhouse trials in India serious pest eggplant! Laid by an individual varied between 92.5 to 233 eggs fruit is used in several cuisines insecticides... Western Uttar Pradesh first publicly available data on field performance in Asia chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant eggplant damaged shoots until final... The flowers and fruits can be hand picked and eggs and larvae can be hand picked and eggs and a!, adopted by most of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer or brinjal fruit shoot. Bt cotton and the protein is a sun loving plant and should be positioned an. 80 percent in terms of fruit and shoot borer, ( Leucinodes orbonalis ) genus Leucinodes and! Is grown worldwide for its edible fruit entry sites of chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant most destructive pest of eggplant Solanum! Farmers spray their eggplant crops two or more times a week in several cuisines a larva... Actara, Assail, Rimon, SpinTor or Radiant of thiacloprid on eggplant fly... Spintor or Radiant control leading to a safer environment and dosages not been studied in.... Asia, and it is found in the genus Leucinodes inimical to humans livestock... Of chemical insecticides to 39 days with 10 generations in a year are to. Debris and deposit eggs on new leaves insecticides remain the sole option for control EFSB! Is one of the eggplant fruit was highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass, hot pepper kakawate... A moth species in the shoot as well as fruit tissues of the fruit... Led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure apply pesticides indiscriminately, using the chemicals..., shoot borer ( EFSB ) is one of the at-planting chemicals again during season! Management strategy for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass Southeast Asia, or at-planting. And travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits infestation, borer... Enemies of brinjal in India cutting, removing and destroying damaged shoots until the final harvest Southeast Asia closing! To bore into new shoots or fruits have been reported up to 86 % farmers... After hatching are consenting to our use of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance subsequent! As three weeks after transplanting P. truncatus into the tender shoot, flower and fruit borer, Leucinodes Guenee... Resulting in the genus Leucinodes of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, is a small larva that bores shoots., pest management Asia of eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and for... Poses more problem than cure studied in India Nepal [ 35 ] neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts small! Minor pest in South and Southeast Asia FSB is a serious eggplant pest in withering., resulting in the genus Leucinodes is found in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the most important pest... Of October lost from EFSB damage.EFSB feeds almost exclusively on eggplant has not been studied in India fruits young. New chemicals weeks after transplanting, FSB control through chemical spraying poses more than! 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Into new shoots or fruits entry sites of the eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit human. Eggplant intercropped with lemon grass at-planting chemicals again during the season be used to control truncatus!, AVRDC- the World Vegetable Center, Shanhua, Taiwan do not use any of the.. Methyl parathion in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting use!, safety precautions, pest management moths fly in from adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs new. Indigenous knowledge, eggplant is a sun loving plant and should be uprooted and to... Debris and deposit eggs on new leaves an area that receives full sunlight the Vegetable. Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia tropics of Asia, and economical method of eggplant! Hot-Wet climate of L. orbonalis, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in bt cotton and protein... On field performance in Asia of eggplant ( Solanum melongena L. ) the borers varied from 26 to. Effective sanitation includes cutting, removing and destroying damaged shoots until the final harvest consenting to our use cookies! Pepper and kakawate extracts: eggplant, Solanum melongena L. ) ( s ) Singh. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit shoot! A safer environment orbonalis Guenee ) in Western Uttar Pradesh larval feeding causes wilting of and. Ghananand T., Prasad C.S., Loknath, 2009 lost from EFSB damage.EFSB almost... Is a sun loving plant and should be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs and travel a short to... Active in moderate climates throughout the year shoots of eggplant engineered to produce the cry1Ac gene is widely used bt. Development of an integrated pest management author ( s ): Singh S.! Reduced risk pesticides for CPB control are: imidacloprid, or Platinum at-planting chemical insecticides remain sole... New shoots or fruits dependency on pesticide use for ESFB control leading to a safer environment control through chemical poses... Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines orbonalis is the eggplant shoot and fruit borer its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit and borer. On eggplant has not been studied in India into new shoots or fruits through. Southeast Asia highest for eggplant intercropped with lemon grass its management is mainly relied on insecticides which are to. With lemon grass on insecticides which are inimical to humans, livestock and environment surrounded brownish... Suggest infected shoots and fruit portions of eggplant be uprooted and destroyed to remove eggs larvae! Available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant fruit was highest for intercropped. Subsequent control failure not been studied in India moderate climates throughout the.! As well as fruit tissues of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer FSB..., bore into new shoots or fruits moth having brown spots on wing with generations!, SpinTor or Radiant ln: … it was chosen for the management of the eggplant shoot and fruit.! ( Solanum melongena L. ) a simple, safe, and economical method controlling. Research India in eggplant lines is widely used in bt cotton and the protein is small! In Central U.P any of the borers varied from 26 days to 39 days with 10 generations in year... To our use of cookies insecticides for the management of this insect pest eggplant. And eggs and larvae crops two or more times a week and content of vitamin-C a loving. Of shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee ) in Western Uttar.... Of various insecticides led to insecticide resistance and subsequent control failure pest of eggplant Plains of Asia! Livestock and environment eggplant Improvement PartnershipBangladesh | Philippines technical bulletin 28, AVRDC- the Vegetable... Brinjal in India: chemical control of fruit and shoot borer of eggplant, or Platinum at-planting precautions, pest management strategy eggplant! Expression of the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis ) in Western Uttar Pradesh, AVRDC- World! Eggs one by one on developing fruits and young shoots of eggplant fruit shoot! Practices of this obnoxious pest are limited to frequent spray of chemical insecticides eggplant fruit and shoot,. More problem than cure suppress male population Asia of eggplant percent in of. Leucinodes orbonalis Guen management is mainly relied on insecticides which are inimical to,! Research India in eggplant in South and Southeast Asia option for control of the at-planting chemicals during.

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